Queen Of The Milliners
The name of the Parisian milliner Caroline Reboux (1837 - 1927) is associated with the transformation of the hitherto popular fashion accessory - hat, into the field of artistic expressions. Along with the creations of "father of Haute Couture" - C. F. Worth, the 19th century society was also introduced with hats created by Caroline Reboux. They were in demand among Worth's customers. The life stories of both artists also reveal some similarities. Reboux's recognition was also enhanced by Worth's most famous clients and patronesses - the French Empress Eugénie and Princess Pauline von Metternich whose attention in the 1960's was attracted by the works of a Parisian milliner.
In the middle of the 19th century, Reboux was a very creative converter of the past. She recalled the impressive 18th-century English women's straw hats (as seen in the portraits painted by Thomas Gainsborough) and also the oriental turban-type headgear from the works of Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun. The Queen of the milliners transformed them according to the eclectic 19th century desire to adapt more ancient forms. In the second half of the 19th century, Reboux's popularity grew significantly, and at the beginning of the 20th century she was still one of the leading milliners in Paris.
Caroline Reboux's name is also associated with the creation of the signature of the 1920's fashion era - a cloche hat, as opposed to Coco Chanel's efforts to become a real promoter of such shape of the hat. The list of Reboux's the most famous customers also includes the name of the film star Marlene Dietrich. Encouraged by Reboux, she wore berets not only in movies but also in real life. For the first time, the man's beret was included in the range of woman's hats. Successfully combining the fashion elements of the past with the current fashion trends at that time, Caroline Reboux wrote her name in the pléiade of the most famous milliners of all time.
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